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Pri­vacy, as we define it, is the abil­ity or right to have a “pri­vate life” — to be left alone, free from ille­gal or unwant­ed scruti­ny and intru­sions.

To par­tic­i­pate in an intel­li­gent and secure man­ner in the online envi­ron­ment, indi­vid­u­als must have the abil­i­ty and tools to pro­tect the pri­va­cy of their per­son­al infor­ma­tion, wher­ev­er it is stored.

Pri­vacy rights include infor­ma­tional pri­vacy — the right to con­trol or lim­it the col­lec­tion, use, shar­ing, and dis­clo­sure of one’s own per­sonal infor­ma­tion by oth­er agen­cies, whether they are part of gov­ern­ment or the pri­vate sec­tor.

Since knowl­edge brings pow­er to those who pos­sess it, knowl­edge of our pri­vate lives tends to increase the pow­er and influ­ence that gov­ern­ments and cor­po­ra­tions have over us. Some lim­its must be imposed in order to main­tain the del­i­cate bal­ance of pow­er that sus­tains our democ­ra­cy.

Pri­vacy pro­tec­tion” means defence of the pri­vacy of indi­vid­u­als by leg­is­la­tion, pol­icy, tech­nol­ogy, or oth­er means.